Protestantism, together with Catholicism and Orthodox Church, is also called the three major schools of Christianity. Including the new sectarian sects from Catholicism in the sixteenth Century European religious reform movement:Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anglican Communion, and then more sectarian sects from these sectarian sects. Protestant also known as the "Protestant" .
The Bible has the highest authority
The important theological foundation of the reform movement is the authority of the Bible. The principle of "the only Bible" is maintained by Luther. In the late Middle Ages, the Church of Rome believed that the Bible and tradition were two sources of inspiration from God, and they would not contradict each other. The church not only preserves the truth of the Bible, has the power of teaching, and sets the biblical canon, so the status of the church is above the Bible. These claims are what Luther wants to refute. He pointed out that the authority of the Bible was not taken from the church. On the contrary, the status of the church was determined by the Bible. Although the Bible is established by the church in history, it only recognised the value of the Bible rather than the authority of the Bible. "People believe in the gospel, not because the church determines the authenticity of the gospel, but because the gospel is the word of God." God's word is established according to the canon to the end. All the godfather's teachings and the teachings of the church are testimony to the Bible, just as John's work is to bring people back to Christ. At the same time, we should notice that Luther did not abandon all traditions of the past church. He opposed only the tradition which was contrary to the Bible's clear teaching. He also tried to prove the internal consistency between the Bible and tradition. However, in Luther's view, the status of the Bible is still higher than the traditional one. The Bible is "touchstone" and "norm in norms".
justification by faith
Luther proposed for the theological doctrine of justification by faith, has close relationship with the religion. When Luther thinks about it, how does a sinner find his God? Many years' repair career, redemption procedures and promised promises can't make Luther get the rest of his soul. Fortunately, the experience in the repair of Yuanta on theological breakthrough bring light to him. The relationship between God and God is now rebuilt, not by virtue to be accepted by God, but based on the promise of God, willing to accept the repentant sinners in Christ. A man is righteous and a sin is pardoned. God sees him without integrity. This is God's grace. In the sense of justification, God is active and man is passive; God has fulfilled all the needs of salvation, and has satisfied all the conditions of salvation. Therefore, the righteousness of God is not the standard of judging the world, but the gift that is given to the world, so that he can live up to God's request and get eternal life. Luther's new discovery overthrew the whole Catholic religion in Rome in the middle ages. Luther even made it clear: "confidence can only make people connect with god." Besides God, there is no object of faith, because only he is our unconditional refuge. So trusting in God is the beginning of eternal life. Luther believed that Christ said, "the eternal life of a faithful man" is the basis for us to get justification. On the other hand, the term "justification by faith" can be easily misunderstood, as Luther is saying, the only good thing to be saved is faith. But to Luther, faith is not good. Luther thinks that justification is actually a "return to the righteousness", that is, a Christian is a righteous person and a sinner.
Priesthood of All Believers
Since Protestantism believed that we could be saved only by faith, believers could be priests and no clergy as intermediary between gods. In addition, believers can pray for each other. Every believer has the right and obligation to care for each other in religious life. They all have heaven responsibility to spread the gospel. This has diluted or even abolished the difference between the clergy and the general believers. Although most of the Protestant sects still retain the designation and the ceremonies of the full-time staff (clergyman, etc.), this is mainly a sign of the duty, and does not mean the privilege of giving grace.
The Protestant Protestantism retained and followed the four major letters of the early church, including the Apostle Sutra, the nissiah Sutra, the cankon Sutra and the athea Sutra.
In addition, the Protestant Protestant church has also established various sects in the process of religious reform throughout the country, and various sects have formed a series of self-made system and perfect the whole teaching system. The most famous of them include: "question and answer and answer to Heidelberg", "Belgian creed", "the Sutra", "the Westminster creed" and "the question and answer to Westminster".