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How is Christianity introduced into China

May 23, 2018

In the nine years (635) of Tang Zhenguan, the Christian naderi school was once introduced to China and called "the Zion religion". In the two dynasties of Taizong and Gao Zong, the landscape was tolerated and developed very much, so that there was a general construction of the scenery monastery in all the States, which was called "the ten ways of the flow" and the prosperity of the "temple full of hundreds of cities". But in five years (845), Huichang was interrupted by the imperial decree prohibiting Buddhism and was interrupted in the Central Plains.

In the Yuan Dynasty, it was also introduced into Catholicism and Nie sect. It was generally known as "Li Li Wen Jiao" or "Jiao Jiao". By the year 1330s, there were 30 thousand people. Its activities range from most places, such as the south of the Yangtze River, to the border area of Xinjiang and Mongolia. The faction received more in Mongolia aristocracy and court officials, but it did not spread widely among the people.

The ten years of Ming Wanli (1582) Catholicism was introduced by Jesus missionaries again. The missionaries represented by Limado brought a large number of Western science and technology and knowledge culture, and promoted the development of China's astronomy, calendar, water conservancy and many other fields. Especially the dissemination of Chinese culture to the West has made outstanding contributions. At that time, Chinese officials, such as Xu Guangqi, were baptized, and more than 500 scholars were taught in and outside the court. The story of emperor Kangxi's close contact with missionaries and wrote many poems and couplets for Christianity, can be said to be the infatuation of Christianity and China. In eighteenth Century, it was banned by the Qing Dynasty because of the "controversy over Chinese etiquette".

In the late seventeenth Century, Russian Orthodox missionaries began to build a courtyard in Heilongjiang in June, and then set up a church in Beijing. In 1715, Russia sent its first mission to Beijing. After five years of Qing Yong Zheng (1727), after the signing of the treaty between China and Russia, the missionary group became a permanent institution in China. From 1715 to 1956, there were 20 Russian Orthodox missions in Beijing.

In 1807, Morrison, a Protestant missionary, preached to Guangzhou, which was the beginning of the introduction of Protestantism into China. After the Opium War, many Christian schools were introduced into China again, because of their missionaries being protected by unequal treaties (such as the Tianjin teaching case, the Shandong Juye teaching case, the Boxer Movement and so on) and the non Christian movement in 1922.

Since the beginning of the twentieth Century, Chinese Catholics have demanded the independence of the Chinese Church. After the 54 Movement in 1919, Catholicism carried out "Sinicization" measures in China, and a large number of Chinese clergymen were used. The Protestant factions also held the National Christian Conference in Shanghai in 1922, and put forward the principle of "the Church of nature" and the "three self" principles of "self-cultivation, self-government, autobiography" and the founding of the National Christian Association of China. After 1949, the Chinese Church gradually cut its ties with foreign missionaries and missionaries, and entered the period of self-reliance.